Hitachi 63B09E SBC

I recently learned that there is some kind of a new thing started up that is all about Motorola? CPU based single board computers. So I thought I’d post one that I made in uni about 28 years ago. The label on the EPROM is Assist09 so it’s possible that it would boot and allow me to upload code etc if I had a serial cable of the right kind. The board was part of an ultrasonic range finder project I made for uni. I made 3 main boards (all hand wired) along with a sonar head which had yet another board with OpAmps. There was also a power supply box, a keyboard and an LCD. – these days you could do the same thing with an Ardunino Pro Mini, an I2C display and an ebay ultrasound module. The software had a menu system I copied from Supercalc. I wrote most of the software in ‘C’, to do this I found some code to give an early version of GCC the ability to generate 6809 assembler. This ‘OS’ had only the keyboard scanning and interrupt code in assembler. I remember running pmake on the unix server at RMIT when I was compiling the compiler and almost bringing the server to its knees.

The Hitachi 6309 was an enhanced version of the Motorola 6809 Hitachi 6309, and I think I did use some of the extra instructions. I believe there was a 16 to 32 bit multiplication available which I used.

As you can see this was point to point soldered; at that time I had no practical / cost effective way of making a PCB. I am tempted now to do something with this computer, at least to see if it still works, although I have thrown my EPROM programmer and any capability to erase EPROM’s into the tip. I’m sure there are ebay cables, programmers and erasers.. Of course If I can find the actual EPROM with the sonar software, surely I haven’t thrown that away.

Perhaps this is of interest to someone.

Cpu Detail

Cpu Detail

Front of board.

Front of board.

Back of board.

Back of board.

Clothes dryer project part 2

I haven’t really done any work on the dryer at all, none of the software is done and all I did was test that the new dual channel humidity and temperature sensing would work. By the way to do the dual channel I had to use a quad analogue switch to switch the I2C since the ebay sensors I’ve got don’t allow a choice of the I2C address.

What I have been doing is designing a PCB for the controller part, and tonight I sent if of to Seeed Studio to get fabbed. This cost me just over $20 Australian, although I have to wait from between 15 – 30 days for the boards to arrive (I get 10 although I doubt I will ever use more than one). I am quite nervous that the fab will fail or that my design can’t be fabbed, or, of course that I haven’t transcribed the circuit from my hand wired version.

Kikad takes a little bit to get used to but it wasn’t that difficult to design this board; not that it’s a very big board. The last time I had a board I designed made I had to lay it out with black tape, I hardly recall, but it must have been painful. Although neither method is as painful as doing point to point wiring, even at this small scale. I’ve done a board with point to point soldered connections using wire wrap wire, where each end needs to be stripped, that had hundreds of connections. I can’t believe I did it now. That was the graphics terminal, I wish I still had it, I would frame it an put it on the wall.

How the design looks in Kikad.

How the design looks in Kikad.

This is the board in the gerber viewer.

This is the board in the gerber viewer.

I am not motivated at present to do much else at the moment even though I have had some good ideas about the software; once I can measure the ambient humidity then I think I can make the thing work more sensibly. I have again found that clothes that are hung on the line still dry faster and clothes dryed in the dryer sometimes have a faint smell about them. I think it depends on how much sun is available. I really need to design and build the new air extracting chimney hat and of course create at least version 2 of the software ( to control the fan by comparing inside and outside humidity ).

Just awaiting my board now.

Clothes dryer project part 1

I have had a long time interest in natural heating and cooling for houses. I hope to be able to have my own place one day, and I’d like this home to be passively heated and cooled, but that situation is out of my reach at present.

To partly satisfy my interest I been building a clothes dryer that is located outside and uses the wind and the sun, but protects the clothes from getting wet when it rains. My hope is that this dryer will be more effective that an ordinary clothes line by trapping infra red and capturing the wind more effectively. Other advantages are that there is no need of pegs, and UV light is blocked. I also intend to power the electronics (which includes the controller, fan and a door activated light) with a battery that is charged with a solar panel.

My current design is only partly successful and I am in the process of doing some improvements, however the first version had the following features that were my first attempt to meet my goals.

1. I used used poly carbonate sheeting which blocks UV but lets IR through.
2. I tried to make sure there are weather seals at every join so air is trapped
3. I made a chimney with hat to utilize the Bernoulli effect to provide a way to draw we air out
4. There is a control system that measures temperature and humidity so that a fan will turn on when the humidity rises above a set point.
5. The controller has Wifi enabling remote monitoring / graphing.

The first version was only partially successful. I do see a temperature and humidity rise above ambient when wet clothes are put into the cabinet. The fan does come on and the humidity then drops. Clothes do dry and come out warm – if there is enough sun to warm the system. The cabinet does protect dry clothes if it rains, and I don’t need to worry about forgetting to bring in the washing.

The dryer.

The dryer.

However for any reasonable amount of wet clothes the humidity overwhelms the fan and the clothes do not dry more quickly than clothes hung out on the ordinary clothes line. In addition it appears that the chimney does not draw very well (or at all). Additionally, measuring the internal humidity is not a good way of determining whether or not to turn on the fan since at night the humidity can often rise quite sharply (probably when the dew falls).

I am in the process of modifying the system to improve it:
1. I have put in a large fan with more airflow and made a proper seal for it.
2. I am modifying the controller by adding an extra sensor channel so I will be able to measure the ambient temperature and humidity so that I can control the fan when the internal humidity rises when the external does not.
3. I will add a detector that senses whether washing is hung inside the system.
4. I will modify the passive chimney extractor to move with the wind and have a double cone shaped wind collector to increase the chimney draw.

My next task is to finish the modifications to the controller software and then do more experiements in order to tune the way the fan works. Once this is done I will make the new chimney pot and again experiment to see how that affects the drying time.

Circuit diagram.

Circuit diagram.


Mosfets and 5V power.

Mosfets and 5V power.


Controller

Controller


Chimney rear view

Chimney rear view


Chimney hat.

Chimney hat.

Notes: the embedded controller is a Weimos D1 Mini.